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Landscape study of the municipality of Alcobaça: Geomorfology, Hydrology e Hipsomeytry.
Landscape study of the municipality of Alcobaça: Geomorfology, Hydrology e Hipsomeytry.

Urban development of Alcobaça and evolution of the monastic enclosure from the Middle Ages to the present day and its influence in the Monastery of Alcobaça (left). Evolution of the Monastery of Alcobaça, cloisters and monastic enclosure from the 13th to the 20th century (right).
Urban development of Alcobaça and evolution of the monastic enclosure from the Middle Ages to the present day and its influence in the Monastery of Alcobaça (left). Evolution of the Monastery of Alcobaça, cloisters and monastic enclosure from the 13th to the 20th century (right).

Definition of the intervention areas.
Definition of the intervention areas.

Master Plan of the monastic enclosure and the gardens of the Monastery of Alcobaça.
Master Plan of the monastic enclosure and the gardens of the Monastery of Alcobaça.

Photomontages of the intervention in the Garden of the Myrtles. The idea is to transform the space into a "welcome room" of the monastic enclosure with the placement of flower beds (inspired by descriptions of the eighteenth-century travellers), use of existing plants and, if possible, the placement of new trees. Creation of places of stay and adaptation of the garden for ludic activities (meditation, art, reading). Maintenance of dryland areas. Preservation of existing built heritage (former cemetery). Uniformization of the area next to the monastery, using a noble material, such as the slab of limestone. Restoration and maintenance of the Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Desterro and the baroque staircase that gives access to the Obelisk garden. Conservation of the 19th century botanical collection.
Photomontages of the intervention in the Garden of the Myrtles. The idea is to transform the space into a "welcome room" of the monastic enclosure with the placement of flower beds (inspired by descriptions of the eighteenth-century travellers), use of existing plants and, if possible, the placement of new trees. Creation of places of stay and adaptation of the garden for ludic activities (meditation, art, reading). Maintenance of dryland areas. Preservation of existing built heritage (former cemetery). Uniformization of the area next to the monastery, using a noble material, such as the slab of limestone. Restoration and maintenance of the Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Desterro and the baroque staircase that gives access to the Obelisk garden. Conservation of the 19th century botanical collection.

Photomontages of intervention on the grounds of the Maria e Oliveira Foundation. It is proposed to create themed paths, which will be based on the geometric design, reminiscent of the principles of austerity and rigor of Cister. These will develop along the walls that bound these lands, according to the study of ancient paths, but will also delimit the parcels of orchards and vineyards, where the concept of geometry is present. These paths along the walls will be reinforced by grapevines transverse to the orchard plots, reminding of the vineyards, much described by the travelers, and also creating different views of the surrounding landscape.
Photomontages of intervention on the grounds of the Maria e Oliveira Foundation. It is proposed to create themed paths, which will be based on the geometric design, reminiscent of the principles of austerity and rigor of Cister. These will develop along the walls that bound these lands, according to the study of ancient paths, but will also delimit the parcels of orchards and vineyards, where the concept of geometry is present. These paths along the walls will be reinforced by grapevines transverse to the orchard plots, reminding of the vineyards, much described by the travelers, and also creating different views of the surrounding landscape.

Photomontages of the intervention in the Jardim do Obelisco (above) and on the grounds of the Maria e Oliveira Foundation (below). In the first one, it appears as reference of intervention in this space, the Potager du roi, in Versailles. Since the 17th century, this place has been used both for flower gardens and for vegetable gardens. The design, inspired by the baroque layout (the most predominant in the evolution of the monastic enclosure and in this reference), will have an alignment, reinforced by cypresses, that will intersect at the center of the obelisk, in an open space surrounding with large green areas and presence of some bushes. The main path will have a width of five meters, with the purpose of enhancing the view to the obelisk, an important element of the monastic enclosure. In the second image, the intention is to strengthen the idea of orchard, by planting new fruit trees and creating vineyards, a production much admired by the old travelers and the monks.
Photomontages of the intervention in the Jardim do Obelisco (above) and on the grounds of the Maria e Oliveira Foundation (below). In the first one, it appears as reference of intervention in this space, the Potager du roi, in Versailles. Since the 17th century, this place has been used both for flower gardens and for vegetable gardens. The design, inspired by the baroque layout (the most predominant in the evolution of the monastic enclosure and in this reference), will have an alignment, reinforced by cypresses, that will intersect at the center of the obelisk, in an open space surrounding with large green areas and presence of some bushes. The main path will have a width of five meters, with the purpose of enhancing the view to the obelisk, an important element of the monastic enclosure. In the second image, the intention is to strengthen the idea of orchard, by planting new fruit trees and creating vineyards, a production much admired by the old travelers and the monks.

Courses Plan. Three types will be created, depending on the distance and the most important elements present in the fence: 1. Course "The Cistercian Hydraulic System"; 2. Course "The Cister cultures"; 3. Course "The Cloisters of the Royal Abbey of Santa Maria de Alcobaça".
Courses Plan. Three types will be created, depending on the distance and the most important elements present in the fence: 1. Course "The Cistercian Hydraulic System"; 2. Course "The Cister cultures"; 3. Course "The Cloisters of the Royal Abbey of Santa Maria de Alcobaça".




PROJECTINDEX
NOMINATED
THE CISTERCIAN ORDER AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE.
Universidade de Lisboa

Case study: Royal Abbey of Santa Maria of Alcobaça.
The Cisterian Order was guided by the Ora & Labora canon, both in their daily life and in the landscape planning. They lived underlying values of obedience, manual labor, and charity. When choosing the territory, the agronomist monks would choose places which corresponded to their critiria of space and functionality, but also the sense of enclosure (distance from urban clusters) and self-sufficiency. Generally, they settled in forested valleys with soils of good agricultural ability.
The intervention proposed for this area had as main goal to recover and respect these values and cultural characteristics associated with this convent that contributed to the development of the region.
Therefore, it is intended to recreate the areas of vegetable gardens, orchards, vineyards and gardens, with native and production vegetation of the region. This areas will be divided into three parts, interconnected by paths of geometric design. Three types of routes will be created in order to interconnect the exterior spaces of the complex, including the cloisters.