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Fastest growth of the Heliopolis Favela The Vila Prudente favela was the first favela in the city of São Paulo emerged in 1940, formo f migrans and civil builders. With the objecive of liberating this favela, so that improvements could bem ade in the city of Sao Paulo, they were replaced in temporary housing in the still free área of Heliopolis. But with the arrival of more low-income populatiob in search of better conditions, Heliopolis was being occupied and the provisional became definitive.
Fastest growth of the Heliopolis Favela The Vila Prudente favela was the first favela in the city of São Paulo emerged in 1940, formo f migrans and civil builders. With the objecive of liberating this favela, so that improvements could bem ade in the city of Sao Paulo, they were replaced in temporary housing in the still free área of Heliopolis. But with the arrival of more low-income populatiob in search of better conditions, Heliopolis was being occupied and the provisional became definitive.

Problems existing in the self-built housing favela and the new problems brought with the implantation of the socila blocks that destroy the urban structure of the favela.
Problems existing in the self-built housing favela and the new problems brought with the implantation of the socila blocks that destroy the urban structure of the favela.

Urbanization Solution | Principle of Intervention - Qualification of the Urban Structure and the Quality of Dwelling Intervene according to the local identity and respecting the community, preserving the daily life and its cultural expression. The whole community is treated equally, therefore making no place for inferiority feelings caused with special treatment to certain groups of inhabitants (Habitational Groups/Social Blocks).
Urbanization Solution | Principle of Intervention - Qualification of the Urban Structure and the Quality of Dwelling Intervene according to the local identity and respecting the community, preserving the daily life and its cultural expression. The whole community is treated equally, therefore making no place for inferiority feelings caused with special treatment to certain groups of inhabitants (Habitational Groups/Social Blocks).

Benefits of Qualifying the Urban Structure and the Quality of Living
Benefits of Qualifying the Urban Structure and the Quality of Living

Typologies and their improvements | New proposed solutions (Technical Manual to Support Self-construction) and their physical constructions
Typologies and their improvements | New proposed solutions (Technical Manual to Support Self-construction) and their physical constructions

Sample of renderings of interior | Exterior spaces The materials are the same applied by the population (brick walls | concrete pillars | prefabricated beams of reinforced concrete and brick) and the spacing of the cover plate working in an optimum cooling system. The houses are supplied with the raw materials, leaving to the residents the final decision of the interior and exterior finishes.
Sample of renderings of interior | Exterior spaces The materials are the same applied by the population (brick walls | concrete pillars | prefabricated beams of reinforced concrete and brick) and the spacing of the cover plate working in an optimum cooling system. The houses are supplied with the raw materials, leaving to the residents the final decision of the interior and exterior finishes.

Photomontages - Simulation of the final result (Before | After)
Photomontages - Simulation of the final result (Before | After)

Photographs of the model of the favela of Heliópolis and two of the four physical constructions (Houses 1A | Houses 2B)
Photographs of the model of the favela of Heliópolis and two of the four physical constructions (Houses 1A | Houses 2B)




PROJECTINDEX
HONOURABLE MENTION
(RE)VITALIZE THE FAVELA OF HELIOPOLIS, SAO PAULO, BRAZIL
Universidade do Minho

Heliopolis is one of the largest favelas in Brazil and the largest of the City of Sao Paulo. An urban structure created with much struggle and sacrifice, exposes its own pros and cons. This is a tight knit and spirited community, that has a peculiar self-constructed architecture and way of living, but which presents a series of problems due to a lack of planning. Density, agglomeration and lack of infrastructure leads to a lack of ventilation, lighting, hygiene, which also results in an unhealthy environment, not appropriate for living. When we transpose this to the outside, we also find lack of security, natural elements and free spaces. This, coupled with the failure of the cheap social building blocks solutions that destroy the urban structure and which are external to the reality and identity of the place in itself, creates the need for a precise resolution.
Intervene according to the local identity and respecting the community, preserving the daily life and its cultural expression. The whole community is treated equally, therefore making no place for inferiority feelings caused with special treatment to certain groups of inhabitants (Habitational Groups/Social Blocks).
The purpose is to maintain the existing urban structure with small additions (Buildings|Public Space), qualifying the urban structure and the habitations quality.
This way, small physical interventions are made with an urban impact (Patio| New Type of Habitation| New Public Spaces| Free Spaces| Equipment) and with an impact in habitation quality (Light/Ventilation/Basic Infrastructure) and a Technical Manual of Support to Self-Construction with the improvements to the existing houses and with new habitation solutions.
The principle of this intervention is the minimal demolition of houses and the permanence of the self-built inhabitations, which were created with much devotion, suffering and struggle. For every six self-constructed houses, the two in the center are removed, opening space to the central element of the Patio with autonomous components and energy from natural resource, a New Type of Habitation which consists in two homes elevated from the ground and a New Passage (New Public Spaces). Thus, allied to the Free Spaces, the Equipment’s and the Technical Manual, solves all the existing problems in this community.